Why is it important to know cpr?

CPR, or cardiopulmonary resuscitation, expands the window of time for a person to receive medical care if he has stopped breathing. Without CPR, brain death can occur within four to six minutes after a person collapses, according to the American Heart Association.

Function

CPR itself is a lifesaving measure. In cases where a victim does not receive CPR, his chances of survival drop up to 10 percent each passing minute.

Types

CPR methods cover infant, child and adult circumstances. Classes also teach how to perform CPR on pets, including dogs and cats. In 90 percent of cases, the person learning CPR will perform it on a friend or family member, according to the Baton Rouge East Side Fire Department.

Significance

CPR is a way first responders can keep a victim’s blood pumping through the body and into the organs and brain until further help arrives.

Warnings

Heart disease, including heart attacks, account for about 27 percent of deaths in the United States each year, reports the Centers for Disease Control. Ninety-five percent of those who suffer a heart attack die before they arrive at a hospital; CPR delivered promptly, doubles a victim’s survival chances.

Considerations

A person’s survival rate increases to about 40 percent if administered CPR within four minutes, and if defibrillation happens within 10 minutes.

Source:

Centers for Disease Control: Heart Disease Frequently Asked Questions

Baton Rouge East Side Fire Department: CPR

American Heart Association: CPR Facts and Statistics

University of Washington: Facts about CPR