What is cpr?

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a combination of chest compressions and rescue breathing that is used on patients displaying symptoms of cardiac arrest, according to the American Heart Association.


Clear the patient’s airway before beginning CPR. Check for signs of regular breathing once the airway is clear.


Tilt the chin up and the head back, then pinch the nostrils shut. Give the patient two breaths mouth-to-mouth.

Chest Compressions

Place one hand between the patient’s nipples, with the other hand on top of the first. Push straight down at 100 compressions per minute.


Using CPR on children between 1 and 8 requires more delicacy than performing it on adults. Use one hand for compressions and breathe more softly.


Look for CPR certification classes in your area. These classes will explain the procedure in greater detail and may give you a chance to practice with a partner or a dummy.


American Heart Association: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)

MayoClinic.com: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR): First aid

More Information:

Washington.edu: Learn CPR