CPR Steps According to the American Heart Association

CPR is a first aid for victims with no pulse or victims with cardiac arrest which is common in drowning incidents, electrocuted victims and stroke emergencies. The American Heart Association has been setting out the standards with cardiopulmonary resuscitation to decrease the mortality rate because of cardiac arrest incidents that would have been saved with CPR. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation involves doing first aid procedures to the victim to restore the breathing and heartbeat without the aid of equipments. Since this is first aid, this is done only temporarily. The following management is done when the ambulance arrives and the victim reaches the hospital.

It is recommended that those capable individuals to learn CPR especially those who are watching over children or elderly individuals. This also includes health care providers such as doctors, nurses, paramedics and even teachers or lifeguards.

Learning how to perform cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is not that hard and complicated. Just bear in mind the main priorities of ABC or Airway Breathing and Circulation. That is, airway is the first priority. It should be cleared first before breathing is restored. The finger sweep technique and the Heimlich maneuver are one of the procedures to clear the victim’s air away. The next priority is breathing. Rescue breathing is done to ventilate the victim’s lungs and provide oxygen that is needed by the body. The last and most important is circulation; this is done by doing chest compressions to transport the oxygenated blood into the brain and vital organs of the body.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be started not more than five minutes since the brain will get irreversible damage if it does not receive oxygen if more than that.

Airway

  1. If the victim collapsed, determine if the person is unconscious.
  1. Lie the victim flat on his or her back
  2. Open the person’s airway. Using head tilt chin lift maneuver
  3. Check to see if the person is breathing.

Breathing (Rescue Breathing)

  1. Using your thumb and forefinger, pinch the victim’s nose.
  2. Inhale normally before giving a rescue breath
  3. Give two full breaths while maintaining an air-tight seal with your mouth on the person’s mouth. This should make the victim’s chest to rise.

Circulation (Chest Compressions)

  1. After giving two full breaths, immediately start doing the chest compressions
    1. Locate the breastbone next to the notch located at the center of the chest between the nipples.  Place the other hand on top of the one hand  that is located on the chest and then interlock the fingers.
    2. .Press downward, keeping your arms straight. Do it hard and fast  
    3. Provide 30 chest compressions for every two breaths, compress at the rate of 100 times per minute.
    4. Continue CPR until advanced life support is available.

This are the basic cpr steps which is standardized by the American Heart Association, Many training centers are certified by the AHA such as the cpr class Nashville, to train and teach about the proper techniques and procedures of CPR.