Checking Pulse and Breathing in CPR

TheCPR stands for Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation. It is the process carried-out in an attempt to save the life of the person suffering from the cardiac arrests. It is necessary whenever the heart beats of the victim are stopped. It can be done both in and out of the hospitals.

Anyone having the basic idea can perform CPR on the victim, but it is good to have the complete knowledge of the CPR technique to save the life of the individual. CPR is necessary for the patients those who are unresponsive with no breathing or only gasps.

The CPR procedure involves chest compressions and artificial breathing. The chest compression is to be carried out at the rate of 100 compressions per minute to initiate the artificial circulation of blood through heart. Artificial respiration can be provided either by exhaling breath into the mouth of the victim or using the device to force the oxygen in the lungs of the patient.

Need of CPR:

The main objective of CPR is to restore the partial flow of oxygenated blood to the brain and heart. It may delay tissue death and extent the window of opportunity for successful resuscitation without permanent brain damage.

Checking Pulse:

Checking of victim’s pulse is an important part of your initial consideration while performing CPR. Following are some tips for checking the pulse of the patient.

  • Locate the carotid artery on the neck of the victim. Carotid artery is located on either sides of the neck. Check the pulse of the victim on whatever side is closer to you. Do not check the pulse on the below side of the neck as it may block the airway.
  • Place two fingers on the carotid artery. Do not press too hard to feel the pulse. Do not use thumb to check the pulse as it has its own pulse and you may get confused.
  • Check the pulse before performing chest compressions. Do not perform chest compressions if pulse is present, even if it is weak.
  • Check pulse after every minute while performing rescue breathing.

Rescue Breathing:

If the victim is not breathing or having problem in breathing, you need to provide artificial respiration through exhaling breath in the mouth of the victim for saving his/her life.

  • Firstly, check for consciousness of victim. Tap on the shoulder of victim or shout loudly near his/her ear.
  • Still if the patient is unresponsive, check for the breathing.
  • If the victim is not breathing, position him/her onto back.
  • Tilt the head of the victim back using one hand and lift up the chin with two fingers of other hand.
  • Pinch the patient’s nose and place your mouth over his, sealing the gap completely.
  • Provide the gentle breaths to make the chest rise.
  • Perform the act for about 30 seconds and check for breath and pulse.
  • If the patient is still not breathing but has pulse, continue the breathing until help arrives.
  • Give one breath every five seconds and check for pulse every minute.
  • Continue the process until the medical help arrives.

If the victim doesn’t responds to the rescue breathing, do not make delay and immediately start the chest compressions.

The proper knowledge of this technique can save life of the person in need.

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