Basic First Aid You Should Know

The name tells all in this case. Basic first aid that you should know is what needs to be done first.

When you consider the topic of First Aid, it is important to understand that its true nature is really very basic. Although people who have received First Aid training and professionals such as Emergency Medical Technicians will view basic First Aid as the first treatment given for just about any injury regardless of how minor, it really is concerned with only three life saving situations. These three areas are stopping bleeding, restore breathing, and prevent shock. These are the three life threatening conditions.

When you discuss a First Aid treatment such as splinting a broken arm, it could be argued that if you are not sure exactly what to do, you can simply wait for help. Although having knowledge of splinting techniques is useful information, the victim’s life is not threatened by the broken arm. If a person is bleeding, or not breathing, or going into shock, you can not just wait. Action must be taken immediately. This is why everyone should understand the basic First Aid involved in these conditions.

Bleeding must be stopped. The loss of too much blood will lead to death. First aid for bleeding involves putting pressure on the wound. It is a very simple technique, but absolutely essential. The application of a tourniquet is a bit more complex issue. Most First Aid manuals will tell you never to use a tourniquet, but will usually add a big “except” to it. The exception might be a severed limb, but there are still always exceptions. The principle is stopping bleeding. Failure to do so will result in death

Breathing is another essential life function. If breathing stops, death follows. Basic First Aid techniques for the restoration of breathing include the Heimlich Maneuver and CPR. The Heimlich Maneuver is a method of dislodging a blockage in the throat that is causing choking. It is easy to learn and fairly simple to do, but can be life saving. CPR is a bit more difficult. In most cases, a person must be trained and licensed to perform it. It is for this reason some do not consider it Basic First Aid, but if breathing is not restored death will result.

Shock is called the hidden killer. It is the body’s reaction to trauma. There are symptoms that give a clue that a body is going into shock, but often they are unclear or mistaken for something else. It is always safe to assume that shock will result from any injury. The treatments for shock are simple and very basic. Keeping the patient warm and covered, and rising the feet are examples of the basic First Aid for shock. There are many other areas that could be called Basic First Aid and they are good to know. First Aid training of any kind is valuable. It is the life-saving techniques that are the real basic First Aid you should know, however, because they are for those situations when you can not afford to wait for help.