The baccalaureate educational movement started in the 1920s. It

aims to give students a breadth and depth of knowledge, instead of in a

narrow range of subjects, and internationally recognised qualifications.

The word comes from the latin for bachelor, as in knights-bachelor and

bachelor of education A Bachelor of Education (BEd) is an undergraduate academic degree which qualifies the graduate as a teacher in schools. North America
In North America the degree is awarded for courses taken that generally last two years (one year in some Canadian universities).